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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 149-153

Depression and coping mechanism among HIV/AIDS patients under anti-retroviral therapy


Department of Psychology, A.M.U., Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Salma Kaneez
Department of Psychology, A.M.U., Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-9962.181098

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Background: HIV infection owing to its chronic course and the associated stigma often results in emotional reactions of a serious nature among the people infected with the illness. Depression is the most common psychiatric syndrome in HIV patients found by various studies. Prevalence rate of depression reported in India among HIV sero-positive individuals is as high as 47%. Symptoms of depression may lead to nonadherence to anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and consequent poorer health. Unfortunately, more than half of the HIV-positive population that suffer from depression have not received official diagnosis of their depression. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the level of depression and relationship between depression and coping styles among HIV-infected people. Sample: About 30 HIV/AIDS patients receiving ART were assessed for depression and coping strategies they used to deal with the illness. Measures: Beck Depression II inventory and Brief Cope Scale were used for data collection. Results and Conclusion: Findings indicate severe to extreme level of depression among people receiving medical treatment. Although women reported slightly higher level of depression than men, no significant gender difference was observed. Women preferred religion, ventilation, and support coping more than men. A significant positive correlation was observed between depression and avoidant coping (r = 0.505, P< 0.001). Results underline the need to incorporate mental health services as an integral part of HIV/AIDS routine health care.


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