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DEBATE/PERSPECTIVE/VIEWPOINT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 17-22

Mood disorders in the international classification of Diseases-11: Similarities and differences with the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental Disorders 5 and the international classification of Diseases-10


Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Subho Chakrabarti
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector-12, Chandigarh - 160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_19_18

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The revision of diagnostic requirements for mood disorders in the forthcoming International Classification of Diseases-11 (ICD-11) classification was governed by the same principles that applied to the rest of the draft. Precedence was given to clinical utility and universal applicability of the classification. Other guiding principles included ensuring scientific validity of the revision and harmonizing it with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5. These fundamentals led to considerable reorganization, restructuring, and expansion of the contents of the revision including the section on mood disorders. The mood disorders section now follows a much simpler format than the ICD-10 and is expected to be easier to use. Its simplicity, notwithstanding descriptions of individual diagnostic categories in the revision are more elaborate and precise and in consonance with the current state of knowledge regarding the different mood disorders included in the section. The draft guidelines are undergoing comprehensive field testing on a very large scale across many countries including a majority from the developing world. Results up to now have been encouraging in terms of user acceptability, clinical utility, and global and cross-cultural relevance. However, one has to await the results of further testing and actual use of the final version of the ICD-11 by all stakeholders to determine if the revision indeed meets the high standards it has set for itself.


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