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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 34-43

Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders in international classification of Diseases-11 and its relation to international classification of Diseases-10 and diagnostic and statistical manual of mental Disorders-5


1 Department of Psychiatry OCD Clinic, OCD Clinic, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University; Center for OCD and Related Disorders, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, USA
3 Department of Psychiatry and MRC Unit on Anxiety and Stress Disorders, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Y C Janardhan Reddy
OCD Clinic, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_38_18

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The World Health Organization is in the process of publishing the 11th edition of international Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11). This article discusses the rationale behind the creation of the new “Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders (OCRD)” section in the ICD-11 chapter on Mental and Behavioral Disorders and compares it with the ICD-10 and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). The new section on OCRD was introduced in ICD-11 after a review of the relevant literature that has accumulated since the publication of ICD-10 in 1990. The proposed OCRD section includes obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), body dysmorphic disorder, olfactory reference disorder, hypochondriasis, hoarding disorder, trichotillomania, and skin-picking disorder. Tourette syndrome is also cross-referenced in OCRD. These disorders are grouped together on the basis of considerations of diagnostic validity and clinical utility. The ICD-11 OCRD section is somewhat similar to the DSM-5 OCRD section, reflecting efforts to harmonize the two major classificatory systems. Clustering together disorders related to OCD may encourage clinicians in diverse settings worldwide to identify these disorders early and offer timely interventions.


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