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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 164-168

Strategies toward building preventive mental health


Department of Psychiatry, Coimbatore Medical College Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shanmugiah Arumugam
Department of Psychiatry, Coimbatore Medical College Hospital, Coimbatore - 641 018, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_92_18

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Preventive aspect of mental health deals with identification, monitoring, and controlling risk factors. Mental health promotion leads to positive mental health and thus reduces the prevention of psychiatric morbidity. The concept of mental health promotion relies on the identification of mental health determinants at various contexts. The determinants include the risk factors for the development of mental health issues and protective factors for positive mental health. The risk factors are of macrofactors such as poverty, illiteracy, war, displacement, and discrimination. Microfactors play at individual, family, social, and community level. The risk factors also vary across the life span of the individual. The protective factors are at play in various contexts such as public health policy, empowerment, strengthening the community, and improving the protective factors of the individuals such as self-esteem, family atmosphere, and social as well as community support. Identification also should look at the special populations such as women, children, elderly, and migrant population. Strategies involving psychological approaches and social interventions focusing at these factors and early intervention strategies for the first episode psychosis will reduce the psychiatric morbidity results in the prevention of mental health issues and related disability paving the way for prevention and positive mental health.


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