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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 82-87

Factors determining psychological stress among Indian adolescents and young adults during the COVID-19 outbreak


1 GROW Society, Growth and Obesity Workforce, Kanpur, Uttarakhand, India
2 Independent Researcher, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
3 Department of Endocrinology, Regency Center for Diabetes Endocrinology and Research, Kanpur, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mandara Muralidhar Harikar
B.4, Divine Residency, Lane 6, Ganesh Vihar, Ganga Nagar, Rishikesh - 249 201, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_246_20

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Background: Strict isolation measures imposed during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic have confined families in their homes, interrupted functioning of schools and colleges, and disrupted play and exploration time. Aim: The aim was to analyze psychological stress and its determinants among Indian adolescents and young adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: A cross-sectional, observational study design was adopted. A semi-structured survey including demographic details, COVID-19 awareness, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), and coping methods was distributed among 12–24 year olds, and analyzed to study the determinants of stress. Results: Out of a total of 235 (112 males; 19.4 ± 4.0 years) participants, nearly half of the participants (53%) reported moderate stress; low stress was perceived by 42.3% and severe stress was observed in 4.7%. The mean PSS score was 13.4 ± 8.9. Higher PSS score was associated with age (r = 0.194, P = 0.003), female gender (mean rank = 132.0, P = 0.001), higher education (mean rank = 154.5, P = 0.006), salaried occupation (mean rank = 143.79, P = 0.047), dissatisfaction with the available information (mean rank = 155.64, P = 0.009), and accessing information multiple times a day (mean rank = 133.51, P = 0.041). On multivariate linear regression analysis, age, gender, dissatisfaction with the available information, and higher frequency of accessing information were identified as significant correlates of mean PSS-10 score. Conclusion: Stress was highly prevalent among the Indian adolescents and young adults during the pandemic. Older age, female gender, higher education, salaried job, dissatisfaction toward the available information, and a tendency to view updates frequently were associated with higher stress levels.


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