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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 413-417

Nature and drivers of suicide in a rural community of Western Maharashtra

1 Bapu Trust for Research on Mind and Discourse, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Professor Emeritus, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) and University of Basel, Switzerland
3 Assessment and Impact Measurement Team, Tata Trusts, Switzerland
4 Foundation for Research in Community Health, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nerges F Mistry
Foundation for Research in Community Health, 3 and 4, Trimiti B Apartments, Lane No. 1, Anand Park, Aundh, Pune - 411 007, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_137_20

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Context: The National Crime Records Bureau reports that 134,516 deaths result from suicide in India every year. Maharashtra accounts for 13.4% of the total reported suicides. Aims: This documentation study in the framework of a community mental health program (CMHP) aimed to identify local features of suicide in a rural community, namely sociodemographics and drivers of suicide. Settings and Design: The study was conducted in a community of rural Purandhar block in Western Maharashtra from January 2014 to March 2016 where a CMHP was ongoing since 2013. Data were collected as a part of process documentation through its local community health workers (CHWs). Subjects and Methods: CHWs involved in the program were interviewed, and data were analyzed manually. Results: Seventeen completed and seven attempted suicides who were not a part of the ongoing CMHP among the population were documented. Majority were men under 30 years of age. Pesticide consumption was the most common method of self-harm, and domestic strains were the major driver for suicides. Conclusions: The local pattern of suicidal behavior and its context are relevant for consideration in suicide prevention plans responsive to culture-specific features of suicide.

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