Indian Journal of Social Psychiatry

DEBATE/PERSPECTIVE/VIEWPOINT
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 68--74

Intellectual disability in international classification of Diseases-11: A developmental perspective


Satish Chandra Girimaji, Arul Jayendra V Pradeep 
 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Satish Chandra Girimaji
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India

Historically Intellectual Disability (ID) has been included in the International Classification of Disease and related Health Problems [ICD] and Diagnostic and Statistical manual Of Mental Disorders [DSM] from the beginning. There has been a significant change in the terminology, placement of the condition, classification, and defining features as a result of advances in unraveling the development and functionality of the brain and identifying the etiologic basis of intellectual disability. Current approaches view ID from a developmental perspective and rely on both intellectual abilities and adaptive functioning. This article looks into the salient features of “Disorders of Intellectual Development” as it is termed in ICD-11 in comparison with “Mental Retardation” as it was termed in previous ICD-10 and “Intellectual Developmental Disorder” in latest DSM-5 version, and examines the commonalities and differences.


How to cite this article:
Girimaji SC, Pradeep AJ. Intellectual disability in international classification of Diseases-11: A developmental perspective.Indian J Soc Psychiatry 2018;34:68-74


How to cite this URL:
Girimaji SC, Pradeep AJ. Intellectual disability in international classification of Diseases-11: A developmental perspective. Indian J Soc Psychiatry [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Nov 24 ];34:68-74
Available from: https://www.indjsp.org/article.asp?issn=0971-9962;year=2018;volume=34;issue=5;spage=68;epage=74;aulast=Girimaji;type=0